Understanding Sano Laboratory Reports
Better Understanding Key Parameters and Units of Measurement
A laboratory report contains many different abbreviations and values. This provides farmers and consultants with a valuable tool for ration optimization and performance prediction. Here you will find the most important innovative parameters and units from the Sano laboratory report explained simply and directly. This way, you will know what is in your feed.
Overview of the Components of the Sano Laboratory Report
Crude Protein (XP): Represents the protein based on the total nitrogen content of the sample. It includes both true protein and non-protein nitrogen.
ADF: Acid Detergent Fiber. Fiber components that are insoluble in acid detergent solution, especially lignin.
aNDF: Neutral Detergent Fiber. Fiber components that are insoluble in neutral detergent solution, including hemicellulose, cellulose, and lignin.
NDF Digestibility: The proportion of NDF fiber components that can be digested by the cow within the specified time.
uNDF: The proportion of NDF fiber components that cannot be digested within the specified time. It is the counterpart to NDF digestibility.
Sugar (Ethanol- and water-soluble): The proportion of sugar that dissolves in water or in an 80% ethanol solution.
Starch: Starch content of the sample.
Starch Digestibility: The rate of starch degradation in the animal.
The digestibility of starch contained in corn changes during corn silage storage. This has implications for the choice of additional feed. The CNCPS feed analysis allows you to use feed selectively.
Volatile Fatty Acids: Produced by the breakdown of carbohydrates during the ensiling process. They serve as indicators of silage quality.
Lactic Acid: Produced by the breakdown of carbohydrates during the ensiling process. It serves as an indicator of silage quality.
Acetic Acid: High levels are due to long field storage times, long filling duration, and slow acidification.
Butyric Acid: Produced by too wet or contaminated silage, low sugar content, and/or insufficient presence of lactic acid bacteria. It is produced by clostridia.
1,2 Propanediol: Propylene glycol. Produced by heterofermentative lactic acid bacteria.
Amino Acids - Absolute: Absolute content of essential, semi-essential, and non-essential amino acids in the sample.
NH3: Ammonia content in the sample.
Amino Acids - Ideal Digestibility: The percentage of individual essential, semi-essential, and non-essential amino acids that are digestible in the small intestine (ileum). Species-specific for pigs and poultry.
NIRS Analysis Results: Content of raw nutrients in the sample.
Phosphate (P2O5): Total phosphate content in the sample. Used for material balance calculations.
Nitrogen (N): Total nitrogen content in the sample. Used for material balance calculations.
Energy Evaluation: Energy evaluation of the sample specific to sows, fattening pigs, poultry, and ruminants.